Biblical Apologetics

 

But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear: 1 Peter 3:15 kjv

 

We are to always to give an answer and the following pages are a Bible study that I give about a hundred times a year. Now I have decided to post it. I’m not planning to try to argue the faith into you, just a reasonable answer. I listen to many debates and a point will be raised and answered but in the next few debates the same point is raised over and over just to get points with the listeners. I know atheists that know the Word better than most including myself but they still don’t believe.

 

The Jewish Tanakh

    • The Tanakh is a Jewish name for the Old Testament.
    • The Tanakh has the same text as the 39 English Old Testament books but is arranged into a different order.
    • The Tanakh consists of the Torah, the Nev’im or “The Prophets,” and the Kethuvim or “The Writings.”
    • The Tanakh is an acronym of the Torah, Nev’im, and Kethuvim: TaNaKh.
    • The Tanakh was mainly written in Hebrew with some Aramaic.
    • The Tanakh was completed approximately 400 years before Christ. (400 B.C.)

 

 The Septuagint

 

  • Because Israel was under the authority of Alexander the Great of Greece for several centuries, Greek was their primary language.
  • The Septuagint (also known as the LXX) is a translation of the Hebrew Bible into the Greek language.
  • The name “Septuagint” comes from the Latin word for the 70 or 72 Jewish scholars who were the translators behind the Septuagint from Alexandria Egypt.
  • The Septuagint was completed approximately 250-100 years before Christ. (100 B.C.)

The Dead Sea Scrolls

 

  • The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in caves near the ancient ruins of Qumran between the years of 1947 and 1956.
  • About 15,0000 fragments from more than 500 manuscripts were found of every Old Testament book except for the book of Esther.
  • The scrolls are the oldest group of Old Testament manuscripts ever found.
  • The Dead Sea Scrolls were most likely written by a Jewish sect the Essenes during the period from about 200 B.C. to 68 C.E./A.D.
  • The Scrolls have provided textual critics with ancient manuscripts against which they can compare the accepted text for accuracy of content.
  • There were no major doctrinal differences between the accepted and Qumran texts.
  • The texts from Qumran proved to be word-for-word identical to our standard Hebrew Bible in more than 95% of the text. The 5 percent of variation consisted primarily of obvious slips of the pen and spelling alterations. Of the 166 Hebrew words in Isaiah 53, only seventeen letters in Dead Sea Scroll differ from the Masoretic Text 10 letters = spelling differences, 4 letters = stylistic changes, 3 letters = added word for “light” (vs. 11) 17 letters = no affect on biblical teaching.

 

PROOF THE BIBLE IS TRUE

LINE

  • SEED OF A WOMAN (GEN 3:5)
  • ALL NATIONS TO BE BLESSED THROUGH ABRAHAM (GEN 12:3)
  • ISSAC (GEN 17:19)
  • JACOB (NUM 24:17)
  • JUDAH (GEN 49:10)
  • JESSE (IS 11:10)
  • DAVID (IS 9:6)
  • TIME OF HIS COMING (DAN 9:25)

 

 

 BIRTH

 

  • BORN OF A VIRGIN (IS 7:14)
  • BORN IN BETHELEHEM (MIC 5:1)
  • NAME WILL BE EMMANUEL (IS 7:14)
  • A CHILD IS BORN AS A SON IS GIVEN (IS 9:6)
  • MASSACRE OF THE CHILDREN (JER 31:15)
  • EGYPT (HOS 11:1)
  • GALILEE (IS 9:1)

 

MINISTRY

 

  • MESSENGER SENT TO PREPARE THE WAY (MAL 3:1)
  • DECLARED TO BE THE SON OF GOD (PS 2:7)
  • THE SPIRIT OF GOD WILL REST UPON HIM (IS 11:2)
  • DO MIRACLES (IS 35:4-6)
  • A PROPHET LIKE MOSES (DEU 18:15)
  • SPEAK WITH PARABLES (PS 78:21)
  • THEY DIDN’T UNDERSTAND HIM (IS 6:9)
  • BE A STOME OF STUMBLING TO THE JEWS (IS 8:14)
  • BE A SERVANT OF GOD (IS 42:1-4)
  • COME TO DO THE WILL OF GOD (PS 40:7-8)
  • HEAL THE SICK (PS 35:5)
  • CARE FOR THE POOR AND NEEDY (PS 72:12-13)
  • BIND UP THE BROKENHEARTED (PS 61:1)
  • WILL PRAY FOR HIS ENEMIES (PS 109:4)
  • WILL COME SUDDENLY INTO THE TEMPLE (MAL 3:1)
  • ZEAL FOR THE TEMPLE (PS 69:9)
  • REDEEMER TO COME OUT OF ZION (IS 59:20)
  • HE CAME RIDING INTO JERUSALEM ON A COLT OF AN ASS (ZEC 9:9)

 

TRIAL

 

  • HATED WITHOUT CAUSE (PS 69:5)
  • RULERS TAKE COUNCIL AGAINST HIM (PS 2:1-2)
  • BETRAYED BY A FRIEND (PS 41:10)
  • SOLD FOR 30 PIECES OF SILVER (ZEC 11:12)
  • POTTERS LOT (ZEC 11:13)
  • ACCUSED BY FALSE WITNESSES (PS 35:11)
  • HE OPENED NOT HIS MOUTH LIKE LAMB TO THE SLAUGHTER (PS 38:13)
  • HE WAS SMITTEN AND HIS BEARD PLUCKED OUT (IS 50:6)
  • DESPISED AND FORSAKEN OF MEN (IS 53:3)

DEATH

 

  • THEY PIERCED MY HANDS AND FEET (PS 22:16)
  • HE WAS NUMBERED WITH TRANSGRESSORS (IS 53:13)
  • GAMBLED FOR HIS CLOTHES (PS 22:19)
  • LAUGHED HIM TO SCORN (PS 22:8)
  • LOOK UPON HIM WHO THEY HAVE PIERCED (ZEC 12:10)
  • HIS BONES NOT BROKEN (PS 34:21)
  • FORSAKEN BY GOD (PS 22:2)
  • SPIRIT COMMITED TO GOD (PS 31:6)
  • BURIED WITH THE RICH (IS 53:9)

 

RESURRECTION

 

  • WILL NOT ABANDON HIS SOUL (PS 16:10)
  • GOD WILL REDEEM HIS SOUL (PS 49:16)
  • SIT GOD’S RIGHT HAND (PS 110:1)
  • PRIEST FOREVER (PS 110:4)
  • SMITE THE SHEPHERD AND THE SHEEP SCATTERED (ZEC 13:7)

 

The Bible Claims Jesus to be God

 

  • Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. Isaiah 7:14 (written: 712 BC (Before Christ)
  • For unto us a Child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government will be upon His shoulder: and his name will be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. Isaiah 9:6 (written: 712 BC (Before Christ)
  • Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call His name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. Matthew 1:23
  • In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. John 1:1
  • The word was made flesh and dwelt among us John 1:14
  • Therefore the Jews sought the more to kill him, because he not only had broken the sabbath, but said also that God was his Father, making himself equal with God. John 5:18
  • I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins. John 8:24
  • Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am. John 8:58
  • The Jews answered him [Jesus], saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God. John 10:33
  • The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God. John 19:7
  • And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God. John 20:28
  • Who being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: Philippians 2:6
  • For in him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily. Colossians 2:9
  • And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory. 1 Timothy 3:16
  • But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. HEBREWS 1:8

 

 

 

Jesus Declared Dead

 

Jesus Declared Dead by the soldiers, Pilate, Joseph of Arimathaea, Nicodemus, the Chief Priests Pharisees, Mary Magdalene, Mary, and two angels.
  • The soldiers came to Jesus and saw he was already dead John 19:31-33
  • Pilate knew He was dead from the centurion (a centurion was an officer in the Roman army) Mark 15:45
  • Joseph of Arimathaea was given the body from Pilate, wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre Mark 15:46
  • Joseph of Arimathaea, and Nicodemus, Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury John 19:38-40
  • And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Jesus beheld where he was laid. Mark 15:47
  • The Chief Priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, 63Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. Matt 27:62-63
  • So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch. Matt 27:66
  • And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain. John 20:12

 

The Resurrection

Many security precautions were taken with the trial, crucifixion, burial, entombment, sealing, and guarding of Christ’s tomb that it becomes very difficult for critics to defend their position that Christ did not rise from the dead. Consider these facts:
  • FACT #1: BROKEN ROMAN SEAL Matt 27:66 So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch The consequences of breaking the seal were extremely severe, it meant automatic execution by crucifixion upside down.
  • FACT #2: LARGE STONE MOVED Matt 28:2 for the angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door
  • FACT #3: EMPTY TOMB. Luke 24:3And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
  • FACT #4: ROMAN GUARD GOES AWOL Matt 28:4 And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men. Flavius Josephus (37- after 93 AD) If a guard was found asleep at or left his post then he would be stoned or beaten for putting fellow soldiers at risk. If the official story was true, the guards would have been punished. If the official story was true, the disciples would have been prosecuted.
  • FACT #5: JESUS’ APPEARANCES CONFIRMED Matt 28:5And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified.6 He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay. The number of eyewitnesses is substantial, Christ had been seen by more than 500 people at one time
  • To Mary Magdalene at the sepulchre alone. This is recorded at length only by John (20:11-18), and alluded to by Mark (16:9-11).
  • To certain women, “the other Mary,” Salome, Joanna, and others, as they returned from the sepulchre. Matthew (28:1-10)
  • To the two disciples on the way to Emmaus on the day of the resurrection, recorded fully only by Luke (24:13-35. Compare Mark 16:12,13).
  • To the ten disciples (Thomas being absent) and others “with them,” at Jerusalem on the evening of the resurrection day. One of the evangelists gives an account of this appearance, John (20:19-24).
  • To the disciples again (Thomas being present) at Jerusalem (Mark 16:14-18; Luke 24:33-40; John 20:26-28. See also 1 Cor. 15:5).
  • To the eleven, and above 500 brethren at once, at an appointed place in Galilee (1 Cor. 15:6; compare Matt. 28:16-20).
  • To James, but under what circumstances we are not informed (1 Cor. 15:7).
  • To the apostles immediately before the ascension. They accompanied him from Jerusalem to Mount Olivet, and there they saw him ascend “till a cloud received him out of their sight” (Mark 16:19; Luke 24:50-52; Acts 1:4-10).
  • In addition to the above, mention might be made of Christ’s manifestation of himself to Paul at Damascus, who speaks of it as an appearance of the risen Savior (Acts 9:3-9, 17; 1 Cor. 15:8; 9:1)

 

8 Prophecies Combined

 

Total population ≤100 billion (1011)

Combined probabilities:

1028/1011 = 1017

A “bucket” of 1017 silver dollars would fill the entire state of Texas to a depth of two feet!

 

16 Prophecies Combined

 

Remember, there are over 300 to choose from; the next 8 would be more specific (each less likely than the pre­vious). Assuming no decrease in likelihoods:

1028 x 1028 = 1056

1056/1011 = 1045

How big of a “bucket” do we need now? A ball of silver dollars with a radius that is 30 times the distance be­tween the earth and the sun!

 

48 Prophecies Combined

Over 300 to choose from; assuming no decrease in likelihoods:

1028 x 1028 x 1028 x 1028 x 1028 x 1028 = 10168

Combined probabilities: 10168/1011 = 10157

Silver dollars won’t work this one…

Make a “ball” of every atom in the universe: 1066Make one for each atom of the universe:

1066 x 1066 10132

Repeat this exercise every second since the universe began:

10132 x 1017 = 10149

10149 vs. 10157 ? …we are still short by 108: 100,000,000 times… and we’ve dealt with only 48 of over 300 prophecies!

Impossibility of “Chance”

Only 1018 seconds in the history of the universe

Only 1066 atoms in our entire galaxy

Only 1080 particles in our entire galaxy

Probabilities <10-50 defines absurd

Specificity ~10-650 far beyond “chance”

Equivalent to winning the lottery…every day for 90 days in a row!

TAKEN FROM 

Chuck Missler Beyond Coincidence

Peter Stoner, Science Speaks